Top 10 Conveyancing Tips - advice for Buying a Repossessed Property

  1. Choose your conveyancing solicitor or property lawyer wisely and make them aware from the outset that you are purchasing a repossessed property and that you are likely to be under a very strict deadline.   Obtain a copy of the Home Information Pack and send it to your conveyancing solicitor straight away. The estate agent should make it very clear to you the deadline which may be imposed.   In many circumstances you may well have as little as 21 days to exchange contracts.   You should check with your property lawyer or conveyancing solicitor as to how many successful repossession purchases they have completed within the last couple of months.   If the individual lawyer has done any less than 10 you should consider finding another conveyancing solicitor.   The conveyancing lawyer needs to be very familiar handling conveyancing paperwork which has an absence of legal documentation and possess the  conveyancing “know how” to find commercial solutions to plug the gaps.   They also need to work at pace.
  2. Given the tight deadline involved to exchange contracts, check that your conveyancing lawyer is on the panel of your proposed mortgage lender.   Over the last few months lenders have started to whittle down their conveyancing panel.   Abbey National in particular have pruned 11, 000 conveyancing law firms from their panel.   The last thing you need is to find out that your conveyancing lawyer is not going to be able to deal with the mortgage.
  3. Ensure that you have your mortgage is agreed in principle.   As mentioned above your conveyancing lawyer is going to be under a tight deadline to exchange contracts.   You certainly do not want to be held up because of your proposed lenders.
  4. Be prepared for some pessimistic advice from your conveyancing lawyer.   You have to remember that the bank that repossesses a property is not going to have any personal knowledge of the property.   In the circumstances, the mortgage company’s conveyancing lawyers are unlikely to provide your conveyancing lawyer with comprehensive information relating to the property.   Your conveyancing solicitor is going to probably advise you that there is a distinct lack of information relating to any number of issues including maintenance of boundaries, disputes with neighbours, parking arrangements, etc. .   In many cases the standard questionnaire such as the Seller’s Property Information Form, Property Information Questionnaire ( a component part of the Home Information Pack ) or Seller’s Leasehold Information Form are simply not going to be completed.   In situations where you are purchasing a leasehold property there may well be limited management information available although it is crucial that your conveyancing lawyer ensures that you have clear receipts for service charge and ground rent or alternatively that a retention is held back until such time as receipts are available.   In the case of leasehold properties it is important to remember that as a buyer of the property you will inherit the liabilities such as service charge and ground rent as well as being responsible for any breaches of the lease generally.
  5. In the case of a leasehold property it is unlikely that the average lender will be able to provide your conveyancing lawyer with any clarification as to whether or not alterations have been carried out to the property.   It is therefore critical that you check that the lease plan accurately reflects the current layout of the property.   Your conveyancing lawyer has not seen the property do you will need to guide him or her on this. Please note that most leases do contain restrictions on carrying out any alterations to the property without the landlord’s consent or changing the internal layout of the property without consent.
  6. Check the contract.   It is of course the responsibility of your conveyancing solicitor  to ensure that the contract is accurate and not too weighted in favour of the lender in possession but some lenders’ conveyancing lawyers do try and slip in provisions that state that the buyer will be responsible for various costs including the preparation of legal documentation and in particular the Home Information Pack.   Some of these additional costs can mount up to £500 plus VAT.   If your conveyancing lawyer has missed it, please ensure that you notify him or her to ensure that these provisions are taken out.   The contract should not seek reimbursement of legal costs (including the HIP)  from you other than in situations where you are in breach of the contract.
  7. Please check that the contract provides that vacant possession will be handed over on completion.   As is to the point above, you will be forgiven for thinking that your conveyancing lawyer should ensure that this is the case but it is worth you double checking the position (unless of course you are purchasing subject to an existing tenancy).   The reason why this is particularly critical is that many properties are boarded up and therefore are susceptible to squatters getting into the property prior to completion.   It is also advisable to ensure that you visit the property the morning of completion to check that the property is vacant and does not have any squatters in it.
  8. In the case of a purchase of a freehold property, the likelihood is that the contract provides for you to insure the property from exchange of contracts.   Please make sure that you double check the position with your conveyancing lawyer.   If the onus is on you to insure then please check with the insurers that they are not going to have any problem with insuring the property especially bearing in mind that the property is probably vacant in between exchange and completion.   In the case of a leasehold property, this is less of an issue because with most leasehold properties the onus to insure is placed on the part of the freeholder.   Nevertheless, please check the position with your conveyancing lawyer. Information as to whether the landlord insures may be found in the Property Information Questionnaire.
  9. Do not be bullied into exchanging contracts before you, your lender and your conveyancing solicitors are ready.   The likelihood is that given the time constraints involved that the agents are going to apply considerable pressure to exchange contracts.   Be guided by your conveyancing lawyer.   Please remember that if your conveyancing lawyer is putting a piece of paper in front of you asking you sign a declaration that you are going against his or her advice this generally means that it is not a risk worth taking.   Remember that putting yourself in a position where you cannot complete the transaction is not to be underestimated.   The penalties are draconian and bearing in mind that the seller in this case is likely to be a bank or building society they will have deep enough pockets (despite the significant losses they have made over the last year or two) to take this all the way to the Courts.
  10. In most cases please bear in mind that the lender in possession of the property and selling it does have a duty to achieve the best possible price for the property and therefore cannot grant you exclusivity.   Should another purchaser place a higher offer on the property before you have exchanged contracts then the said bank will be duty bound to accept that offer.   There is very little that you or your conveyancing solicitor or property lawyer can do in this case and you will not be entitled to recover your wasted costs.   This does not mean to say that you should use a conveyancing or property lawyer that works on a No Completion, No Fee basis as that may well prove to be a false economy.   Rather, as stated above, you should choose your conveyancing lawyer well.   Remember that despite your efforts to agree the purchase price, it is the conveyancing solicitor or property lawyer   that may well make or break the deal.